In 1749 Hume returned to ninewells. The essays published or written about this period completed Hume's contributions to philosophy. In April 1748 appeared his 'Philosophical Essays concerning the human Understanding, by the author of " Essays.' This gave the first part of an intended recast of the unfortunate 'treatise.' It included also the 'essay upon Miracles which (or an early draft of which). The Philosophical Essays in spite of this challenge to the orthodox, attracted little notice; and Hume, upon returning from Turin, found the literary world entirely occupied with Conyers Middleton's Free enquiry.' his books, however, were now beginning to make a mark. A third edition of the moral and political essays appeared in the following november, to which Hume for the first time added his name, thus acknowledging also the Philosophical Essays which reached a second edition in 1751. This had been kept back by his publisher, millar, for some time on account of the earthquakes which at the beginning of the year had caused a temporary fit of superstition. Besides these hume published at the end of 1751 his Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals corresponding to the third volume of the Treatise and which was, in his own opinion, incomparably the best of all his writings.' It came, however, he adds, unnoticed and.
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I.) in answer to something attributed to voltaire. He also acquired some claims to half-pay as judge-advocate, which he did not give up till 1763. After returning to ninewells, mom hume again accompanied. Clair on a military embassy to vienna and Turin. Hume had to appear in a uniform, which, according to lord Charlemont, made him look like a grocer of the train-bands.' he reached the hague, and travelled by the Rhine and the danube to vienna, afterwards crossing the Alps to Trent, mantua, milan, and Turin. A short diary to his brother shows that he was chiefly interested in the state of public affairs. He remarked that Germany is a very fine country, full of industrious, honest people, and were it united would be the greatest power that ever was in the world.' he was greatly impressed with the beauties of the Rhine, though not anticipating the ecstasies. He returned with increased experience, and master of near a thousand pounds.'. His mother probably died (Burton,. 191) during his last journey.
He began an action, by kames's direction against the estate, but discontinued it on a promise that the trustees would consider his claims. In 1761 they were accordingly considered, and their justice apparently admitted, subject to a technical difficulty; but the final settlement is not known (. Before returning to Edinburgh Hume accepted an offer to act as secretary to general. Clair in an expedition intended to operate against Canada; which, after having been delayed by the profound ineptitude of the government under Newcastle, was report sent to attack port l'orient. Hume was appointed judge-advocate by the general. There was some talk of his receiving a commission in the army (Burton,. He made friends, was shocked by the suicide of a major Forbes, for whom he expresses much affection, and gained some knowledge of military affairs. He drew up an account of the expedition (printed in appendix to burton, vol.
Albans, hertfordshire, on The establishment was the under the management of a captain Vincent, a cousin of the marchioness, whom Hume describes at first as a mighty honest, friendly man.' difficulties now impossible to unravel arose in the autumn. Hume thought Weldhall a bad place of residence for the marquis. He afterwards became convinced that Vincent had some sinister motives connected with the management of the large property belonging to the marquis, and expressed his opinions frankly to some of the relations. Vincent treated Hume with disdain as a mere servant. After much unpleasantness Hume was dismissed on he received the 300., but was refused the sum of. For the quarter just begun, though it had been distinctly stipulated that in the event of his leaving during a quarter he was to be paid for the whole. Hume observes in his autobiography that the appointments' made a considerable accession to his small fortune.
Hume had been looking out, in default of the professorship, for a position as travelling tutor. In 1745 he was induced to take a place in the family of the marquis of Annandale. The marquis was on the verge at least of insanity. On inquest from the court of chancery in England declared him to have been a lunatic since 12 Dec. He seems to have been excessively nervous, shy, and excitable, but was occasionally presentable, and wrote epigrams and a novel. He applied to hume through a friend on account of something which charmed' him in the Essays' (Murray, letters,. Hume received a preliminary present of 100., and was to have 300. A year during residence. He took up his abode with the marquis at Weldhall, near.
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Smith possibly Adam Smith, then a young student at Glasgow. Hume now settled at Ninewells. Two volumes of Essays, moral and Political appeared in 17'Most of these essays he says in his preface to the first volume, were wrote with a view of being published as weekly papers, and were intended to comprehend the designs both of the "Spectator" and. he speaks of himself as a new author. They reached a second edition in 1742, and Hume announces to a friend on 13 June that all the copies writing in London have been sold, and that. Butler has everywhere recommended them.' Their favorable reception he says, made him forget his former disappointment. Hume, however, could have made little by them, and was naturally in want of some steady income.
In August 1744 he was hoping for the chair of 'ethics and pneumatic philosophy'. Edinburgh which Sir John Pringle was expected to vacate. He counted upon support from Francis Hutcheson and. Hume had exchanged some respectful criticism with Hutcheson during the preparation of the third volume of his 'Treatise and on the publication of Hutcheson's Philosophiæ moralis Institutio.' leechman, afterwards professor of divinity at Glasgow, had submitted to hume a sermon upon prayer, which he was. Hume had suggested some literary emendations which commented significantly upon a weakness in the argument. Accusations of heresy, deism, scepticism, atheism,.' (as he complains in a letter, 4 Aug. 1744 had been started against him, but bore down by the authority of all the good company in brown.' It now 'surprised him extremely ' to hear that the accusation was supported by the authority of Hutcheson, and especially of leechman, whose opposition appeared.
The expected explosion was disappointing. Hume says that his bookseller speaks of the success of his philosophy as 'indifferent and in his autobiography says that no literary attempt was ever more unfortunate. It fell deadborn from the press.' a review appeared in the history of the works of the learned' for november 1739, which Hume called somewhat abusive' (Burton,. Though generally hostile, it concluded by saying that the work showed 'a soaring genius and might hereafter be compared to the crude early works of a milton or a raphael. An improbable story is told, probably by kenrick, in the 'london.
200 after Hume's death, that Hume was so infuriated by the article as to demand satisfaction from the publisher at the sword's point. Hume was not in London for some years, and. Is remembered chiefly for impudent falsehoods. It is, however, clear that the reception of the book was extremely mortifying to its youthful author. He continued not the less to prepare the last part dealing with morality. Wishing, he says, to have some check upon his bookseller he sold the third volume to Thomas Longman, by whom it was published in 1740. A copy was sent to 'mr.
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In 1737 Hume left France with his Treatise of Human Nature written chiefly at la flêche. He stayed for some time in London to superintend the publication. John noone agreed to give the author. And twelve bound copies for an edition of one thousand copies of the first two volumes of the 'treatise' (bk. 'Of the Understanding' and. These volumes appeared anonymously in January 1739. Hume thought that a country retirement would enable him to await with greater composure the explosion of this attempt 'to produce almost a total alteration of philosophy engelsk and soon after the publication he returned to ninewells. He sent a copy of his book to butler, then bishop of Bristol, whose 'analogy' had appeared in 1736, and who had corresponded with his friend Henry home of Kames. Hume obtained from Kames an introduction to butler, and had called upon, him in 1738, but they never met each other (Burton,.
He went to France about the middle of 1734, passed through Paris, and was at Rheims on 12 Sept. He afterwards moved to la flêche in Anjou, where he spent two out of his three years' stay in France. At la flêche was the jesuits' college at which Descartes was educated. One of the jesuits was expatiating upon a recent miracle, when Hume struck out the argument upon miracles in general, afterwards expounded in one of his best-known essays. In that essay he also refers to the miracles alleged to have occurred at the tomb of the Abbé paris in 1732, just before his journey. The Story of la roche published by henry mackenzie, the man of feeling in the 'mirror' for 1779, is an imaginary incident of Hume's career at this time (John Home, works,. The consolations of religion enjoyed by la roche make hume regret his doubts. Mackenzie wit praises the sceptic's good nature and simplicity, though hinting at the absence of some higher qualities.
1729. He made himself worse by poring over classical works of morality. Regular diet, riding, and walking were more efficacious, and about may 1731 he acquired an appetite, and became the most sturdy, robust, healthful-like fellow you have seen.' during the next three years he read the best English, French, and Latin literature, and began Italian. He also accumulated many volumes of philosophical notes. Finding himself still incapable of the effort necessary to put them into form, he thought that a more active life would perhaps restore his health. He doubted his ability to be a travelling governor and resolved to try some mercantile pursuit as the only alternative. At the time of writing this letter (1734) he was on his way to Bristol with recommendations to some of the houses there. He soon found the new occupation totally unsuitable but his health must have ceased to trouble him. He resolved to retire to some country place in France, to preserve his independence by a rigid frugality, and to devote himself exclusively to intellectual labour.
Hume went through the ordinary course offer of education with success.' david is identified with david Home' whose name appears (27 Feb. 1723) in the matriculation book of the university of Edinburgh as intrant of the class of William Scott, professor of Greek.' The absence of other records leaves unexplained the passion for literary and philosophical eminence which from this time became hume's dominant characteristic. A letter to a young friend, michael Ramsay, dated, describes his devotion to virgil and Cicero, and his resolution to become a philosopher in the moral as well as the intellectual sense. The draft of a letter sent, or intended to be sent, in 1734 to a physician—in all probability. V., whose 'english Malady' had just appeared—gives a curious account of his mental history (printed in Burton,. He explains that his reflections had led him at about the age of eighteen to glimpses of a great philosophical discovery. He abandoned the law, for which he had been intended, feeling an 'insurmountable aversion' to everything but his favourite studies.
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Hume, david (17111776 philosopher and historian, born at Edinburgh 26 April (O.S.) 1711, was the second son of Joseph Hume. Ninewells in the parish of Chirnside, berwickshire, by catherine, third daughter of Sir. V., president of the court of session. The humes or Homes, who claimed a doubtful descent from the noble family of Home (see. Notes and queries, 4th ser. 72 had been settled for some generations at Ninewells. The philosopher piqued himself upon adhering to the spelling 'hume' as older and as corresponding to the pronunciation. The father, who passed for a man of parts died during Hume's infancy. The mother was a woman of singular merit and though young and handsome, devoted herself entirely to the rearing and education essay of her three children.' john, david, and Catherine.