330 They heard, and were abasht, and up they sprung Upon the wing, as when men wont to watch On duty, sleeping found by whom they dread, rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. Nor did they not perceave the evil plight 335 In which they were, or the fierce pains not feel; Yet to thir Generals voyce they soon obeyd Innumerable. As when the potent Rod Of Amrams Son in Egypts evill day wav'd round the coast, up call'd a pitchy cloud 340 Of Locusts, warping on the eastern Wind, That ore the realm of impious Pharaoh hung like night, and darken'd all the land. 355 forthwith from every Squadron and each Band The heads and leaders thither hast where stood Thir great Commander; Godlike shapes and forms Excelling human, Princely dignities, And Powers that earst in heaven sat on Thrones; 360 Though of thir Names in heav'nly records now. Nor had they yet among the sons of eve got them new Names, till wandring ore the earth, 365 Through Gods high sufferance for the tryal of man, by falsities and lyes the greatest part Of Mankind they corrupted to forsake god thir Creator, and. 375 say, muse, thir Names then known, who first, who last, rous'd from the slumber, on that fiery couch, At thir great Emperors call, as next in worth Came singly where he stood on the bare strand, While the promiscuous croud stood yet aloof? 380 The chief were those who from the pit of Hell roaming to seek thir prey on earth, durst fix Thir seats long after next the seat of God, thir Altars by his Altar, gods ador'd Among the nations round, and durst abide 385 jehovah. First Moloch, horrid King besmear'd with blood Of human sacrifice, and parents tears, Though for the noyse of Drums and Timbrels loud Thir childrens cries unheard, that past through fire 395 to his grim Idol.
Paradise lost book i - cliffsNotes
Here at least we shall be free; th' Almighty hath not built Here for his envy, will not drive us hence: 260 here we may best reign secure, and in my choyce to reign is worth ambition though in Hell: Better to reign in Hell, then. But wherefore let we then our faithful friends, Th' associates and copartners of our loss 265 lye thus astonisht on th' oblivious pool, and call them idol not to share with us their part In this unhappy mansion, or once more with rallied Arms to try. 270 so satan spake, and him beelzebub Thus answer'd. Leader of those Armies bright, Which but th' Onmipotent none could have foyld, If once they hear that voyce, thir liveliest pledge Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft 275 In worst extreams, and on the perilous edge Of battel when it rag'd. He scarce had ceas't when the superiour fiend Was moving toward the shoar; his ponderous shield Ethereal temper, massy, large and round, 285 behind him cast; the broad circumference hung on his shoulders like the moon, whose Orb Through Optic Glass the tuscan Artist views. His Spear, to equal which the tallest Pine hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast Of some great Ammiral, were but a wand, he walkt with to support uneasie steps 295 over the burning Marle, not like those steps On heavens azure, and the. He call'd so loud, that all the hollow deep Of Hell resounded. Princes, potentates, 315 warriers, the Flowr of heav'n, once yours, now lost, If such astonishment as this can sieze eternal spirits; or have ye chos'n this place After the toyl of Battel to repose your wearied vertue, for the ease you find 320 to slumber. Or in this abject posture have ye sworn to adore the conquerour? Who now beholds Cherube and Seraph rowling in the Flood With scatter'd Arms and Ensigns, till anon 325 his swift pursuers from heav'n Gates discern Th' advantage, and descending tread us down Thus drooping, or with linked Thunderbolts Transfix us to the bottom of this. Awake, arise, or be for ever fall'n.
Thus Satan talking to his neerest Mate with head up-lift above the wave, and eyes That sparkling blaz'd, his other Parts besides Prone on the Flood, extended long and large 195 lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge As whom the fables name. 220 forthwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty Stature; on each hand the flames Drivn backward slope thir pointing spires, and rowld In billows, leave i'th' midst a horrid Vale. Then with expanded wings he stears his flight 225 Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air That felt unusual weight, till on dry land he lights, if it were land that ever burn'd With solid, as the lake with liquid fire; And such appear'd in hue. Him followed his next Mate, both glorying to have scap't the Stygian flood As Gods, and by thir own recover'd strength, 240 not by the sufferance of supernal Power. Is this the region, this the soil, the Clime, said then the lost Arch-Angel, this the seat That we about must change for heav'n, this mournful gloom For that celestial light? Be it so, since he 245 Who now is sovran can dispose and bid What shall be right: fardest from him is best Whom reason hath equald, force hath made supream Above his equals. Farewel happy fields Where joy for ever dwells: hail horrours, hail 250 Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell Receive thy new Possessor: One who brings A mind not to be chang'd by Place or Time. The mind is its own place, and in it self Can make a heav'n of Hell, a hell of heav'n. 255 What matter where, if I be still the same, and what I should be, all but less then he Whom Thunder hath made greater?
O prince, o chief of many Throned Powers, that led th' imbattelld Seraphim to slogan warr Under thy conduct, and in dreadful deeds 130 fearless, endanger'd heav'ns perpetual King; And put to proof his high Supremacy, whether upheld by strength, or Chance, or Fate, too well. But what if he our Conquerour, (whom I now Of force believe almighty, since no less Then such could hav orepow'rd such force as ours) 145 have left us this our spirit and strength intire Strongly to suffer and support our pains, That we may. 155 Whereto with speedy words th' Arch-fiend reply'd. Fall'n Cherube, to be weak is miserable doing or Suffering: but of this be sure, to do ought good never will be our task, but ever to do ill our sole delight, 160 As being the contrary to his high will Whom we resist. If then his Providence out of our evil seek to bring forth good, our labour must be to pervert that end, And out of good still to find means of evil; 165 Which oft times may succeed, so as perhaps Shall grieve him,. But see the angry victor hath recall'd His Ministers of vengeance and pursuit 170 back to the gates of heav'n: The sulphurous review hail Shot after us in storm, oreblown hath laid The fiery surge, that from the Precipice Of heav'n receiv'd us falling, and the. Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn, Or satiate fury yield it from our foe. Seest thou yon dreary Plain, forlorn and wilde, 180 The seat of desolation, voyd of light, save what the glimmering of these livid flames Casts pale and dreadful? Thither let us tend From off the tossing of these fiery waves, There rest, if any rest can harbour there, 185 And reassembling our afflicted Powers, consult how we may henceforth most offend Our Enemy, our own loss how repair, how overcome this dire calamity.
How chang'd From him, who in the happy realms of Light 85 Cloth'd with transcendent brightness didst out-shine myriads though bright: If he Whom mutual league, united thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the Glorious Enterprize, joynd with me once, now misery hath. Yet not for those, nor what the potent Victor in his rage 95 can else inflict, do i repent or change, though chang'd in outward lustre; that fixt mind And high disdain, from sence of injur'd merit, That with the mightiest rais'd me to contend. What though the field be lost? 105 All is not lost; the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate, and courage never to submit or yield: And what is else not to be overcome? That Glory never shall his wrath or might 110 Extort from. To bow and sue for grace with suppliant knee, and deifie his power, Who from the terrour of this Arm so late doubted his Empire, that were low indeed, That were an ignominy and shame beneath 115 This downfall ; since by fate the strength. So spake th' Apostate Angel, though in pain, 125 vaunting aloud, but rackt with deep despare: And him thus answer'd soon his bold Compeer.
Paradise lost book 1 Summary - course hero
Heav'nly muse, that on the secret top. Of, oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire, that Shepherd, who first taught the chosen seed, in the beginning how the heav'ns and Earth Rose out of Chaos : Or if sion Hill 10 delight thee more, and Siloa's Brook that flow'd Fast by the Oracle. And chiefly Thou o spirit, that dost prefer Before all Temples th' upright heart and pure, instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first Wast present, and with mighty wings outspread 20 dove-like satst brooding on the vast Abyss And mad'st it pregnant. Say first, for heav'n report hides nothing from thy view Nor the deep Tract of Hell, say first what cause mov'd our Grand Parents in that happy State, favour'd of heav'n so highly, to fall off 30 From thir Creator, and transgress his Will For one. Who first seduc'd them to that foul revolt?
Th' infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile Stird up with Envy and revenge, deceiv'd 35 The mother of Mankind, what time his Pride had cast him out from heav'n, with all his Host Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring to set himself. Him the Almighty power Hurld headlong flaming from th' Ethereal skie 45 with hideous ruine and combustion down to bottomless perdition, there to dwell In Adamantine Chains and penal Fire, who durst defie th' Omnipotent to Arms. Nine times the Space that measures day and Night 50 to mortal men, he with his horrid crew lay vanquisht, resume rowling in the fiery gulfe confounded though immortal: But his doom Reserv'd him to more wrath; for now the thought Both of lost happiness and. O how unlike the place from whence they fell! 75 There the companions of his fall, o'rewhelm'd With Floods and Whirlwinds of tempestuous fire, he soon discerns, and weltring by his side One next himself in power, and next in crime, long after known in Palestine, and nam'd 80 beelzebub. To whom th' Arch-Enemy, and thence in heav'n call'd Satan, with bold words Breaking the horrid silence thus began. If thou beest he; But O how fall'n!
It also indicates which events can be found in Genesis and which Milton has borrowed from other biblical books, and invented from his own imagination. The argument, this first book proposes, first in brief, the whole subject, mans disobedience, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was plac't: Then touches the prime cause of his fall, the serpent, or rather Satan in the serpent; who revolting from. God, and drawing to his side many legions of Angels, was by the command of God driven out of heaven with all his Crew into the great deep. Which action past over, the poem hasts into the midst of things, presenting Satan with his Angels now fallen into hell, describ'd here, not in the center (for heaven and Earth may be suppos'd as yet not made, certainly not yet accurst) but. Order and Dignity lay by him; they confer of thir miserable fall.
Satan awakens all his Legions, who lay till then in the same manner confounded; They rise, thir Numbers, array of Battel, thir chief leaders nam'd, according to the Idols known afterwards in Canaan and the countries adjoyning. To these satan directs his Speech, comforts them with hope yet of regaining heaven, but tells them lastly of a new World and new kind of Creature to be created, according to an ancient Prophesie or report in heaven; for that Angels were long before. To find out the truth of this Prophesie, and what to determin thereon he refers to a full councel. What his Associates thence attempt. Pandemonium the palace of Satan rises, suddenly built out of the deep: The infernal peers there sit in councel. Of mans First Disobedience, and the, fruit, of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal tast. Brought, death into the world, and all our woe, with loss of Eden, till one greater Man, restore us, and regain the blissful seat, 5, sing.
Paradise lost books i-iii summary and Analysis Gradesaver
After a fight with eve, they reconcile and seek mercy from the son. Book xi (901 lines The son of God intercedes to prevent their immediate death, but God orders them expelled from Eden. . Michael assures them that loss of Eden does not mean loss of God's presence, and explains to Adam the future of humanity, including Abel's murder, the spread of sin, the Flood, and the new covenant. Book xii (649 lines michael's "future history" concludes with a summary of the Old Testament, the incarnation, death, resurrection and ascension of the messiah, and the victory over Sin and death really which makes Adam rejoice even in his own Fall. . Michael foretells the Church's corruption and the second Coming. . eve is given a comforting dream promising "some great good" which will restore the damage, and Adam and eve depart from the garden. . The poem ends with the vision of Adam and eve's departure to begin life as we know it: "The world was all before them, where to choose / Their place of rest, and Providence their guide: / They hand in hand with wand'ring steps and. Click here for a summary of the poem's events as its plot unfolds, and a parallel comparison of the order in which the poem's books re-present those events. .
Book viii (653 lines Adam asks to understand the movement of the heavenly bodies, which Raphael explains in a strange fusion of the copernican and Ptolemaic systems (then being debated publically in England and Adam tells of his and eve's creation. Book ix (1104 lines satan enters the serpent and persuades eve to eat from the forbidden tree. . eve, disordered in her passions, comes to Adam and persuades him to eat, or he persuades himself to join her in a common doom since he cannot resist the bond of flesh between them (left rib, in Milton's version). . They eat, they mess around some, and they discover guilt, which apparently requires clothing and a huge fight. Book x (1104 lines god sends his Son to deliver judgment. . Adam and eve confess, and Sin and death arrive to take possession of their father's new conquest. . Satan returns victorious to hell, but the demons' praise hong is cut short when they are turned into serpents whose attempt to cheer Satan turns into "A dismal universal hiss" (X: 508). . Adam witnesses the storms that disorder Eden's weather, the animals who turn to devouring each other, and realizes it was all their fault. .
and vote to send Satan to seek out and destroy the new world that was created at the moment they fell, an act of revenge which takes Satan out of Hell's gate (where he meets. Book iii (742 lines god sees Satan's flight and explains Man's fall due to disobedience in his free will, but the son of God offers himself as a ransom for the rebellious human race. . Satan deceives Uriel, a guardian angel, and is directed to earth where he sets foot on Armenia's mount Niphates. Book iv (1015 lines satan is tormented by the beauty of Creation, and discovers Adam and eve living in perfect harmony. . hearing them talk of the forbidden Tree of Knowledge, he turns himself into a toad and whispers temptation into the sleeping eve's ear, but he is discovered by the guardian angels and expelled by gabriel. Book v (907 lines eve tells Adam of her disturbing dream, and Raphael arrives, sent by god, to warn Adam and to explain Satan's rebellion against the introduction of the son of God as the messiah above satan in the hierarchy of heaven. Book vi (912 lines raphael tells Adam of the war in heaven between rebel angels and God's army, ending when God drives Satan's army over the edge of heaven and they fall through Chaos into the pit prepared for them. Book vii (640 lines raphael describes God sending his Son to create the world in six days, and warns Adam again of the deadly prohibition on the Tree of Knowledge.
7 pages, the second book of Paradise lost, by john Milton, opens at the council of War amongst the demons of Hell. Moloch, demon warrior, writing passionately advocates for open warfare. On the other hand, belial,. 1674 genre: an epic poem. Form: 10,565 lines of blank verse divided into twelve books, each headed by a prose "Argument" or summary of the contents. . The first edition of 1667 divided the poem into only 10 books and no prose "Arguments." The 1674 revised edition's additional book divisions divided the first edition's enormous book x into three books (the current x, xi, and xii) and the arguments were added. Characters: Satan and the rebel angels, sin and death, Chaos, Adam and eve, the guardian and messenger angels of Eden (especially raphael and Michael god, and the son of God.
Paradise lost: Short Summary
By, beth sims, book i hibernation of, paradise lost introduces Milton's intention to write a great epic of lasting literary importance about the biblical story of the fall of Man, Adam and eve's expulsion from Paradise, and the consequences of eating fruit from the Tree. It also tells the reader, briefly, about the rebellion of some of the angels and their subsequent expulsion from heaven. It then gets to the heart of the action, presenting the reader with an image of Satan and the host of newly fallen angels, writhing in confusion, prostrate on a burning lake in Hell. They eventually start to rise and Milton describes the ranks of Satan's army and his rousing speech to them, which describes a prophecy of man and a new world. We are told about the fallen angels as individual, militaristic figures and their response to their leader. He is charismatic and uses powerful rhetoric. We begin to build up a sympathetic picture of an appealing Satan: Satan as an anti-hero. The close of book i sees the building of the palace pandæmonium and the preparations for a council of Hell.